CULTURAL HERITAGE

HUNGARY

Heritage of Kistarcsa

The Turkish conquest didn’t cost many lives, but by the end of the 16th century during the fifteen-year war (1593-1606) the village had become depopulated.

After the Turkish conquerors left and the Rákóczi war of independence the area was distributed among the followers of the Habsburgs. The new possessors preferred Slavonic or German settlers instead of the returning Hungarian serfs. This is how Slavonic inhabitants from the Trencsén and Nyitra county from the highlands came here thanks to Prince Grassalkovich.

This is the reason that traditions of Kistarcsa are mainly Slovakians.

 

 

 

 ITALY

 Main examples of embroidery and lace in Umbria

 Punto Assisi is one of the most known type of embroidery in Umbria. It dates back to the 13th century thanks to the nuns in Assisi who produced this lace. In the 1800s the name Punto Assisi was coined and it has continuously been made thanks to the activity of institutions and religious convents.

The embroidery point Assisi involves the use of two points: the running stitch or written to the contour and the cross stitch for the bottom: the outline is a different color from that of the bottom, almost always black, while the color of the cross-stitch can be brown, rust, dark blue, according to the tradition of Assisi embroidery. The designs are mainly inspired zoomorphic: fish, birds, lions, griffins, deer, peacocks.

 Deruta is a famous town in Umbria known for the tradition of ceramics. It gave its name to two types of embroidery: the Point Deruta "ancient" counted thread and the point Deruta "color" or "modern", in imitation of the much more famous majolica. The tradition of the Deruta embroidery dates back since 1200 and it seems to have been reconstructed on the basis of a fragment preserved in the thirteenth century church of San Francis in Deruta.

The handmade embroidery is sold all over the world to prestigious clients, even in conjunction with the local majolica.

 

LITHUANIA

Traditional and old crafts is an important part of Lithuanian culture. It also marks uniqueness of regions. Vilnius city for ages belonged to Aukštaitija region. Stylistically, the 19th century costume of Aukštaitija is considered the most archaic.

Aukštaitija women wore long linen shirts. These have retained old, quite primitive shape refereed to as a tunic with shoulders tabs. Shirts had red ornaments.

Used patterns are illustrated by image No. 1. The festive chemise has woven ornament on the shoulder pieces, collar, cuff, front opening, and lower sleeve. Sometimes the ormament is made by hemstitching. On festive chemises, the collar and cuffs sometimes have triangular points or ruched woven ribbon sewn on for added interest.

Twill or satin striped skirts woven from wool on linen were unlike the skirts of any other area. The linen warp was striped and threaded on four shafts in a straight draw. The background of the skirt was of a plain weave, while the stripes were woven in twill or satin with homespun wool. The stripes on the visible side of the cloth appeared raised and distinct; as a result, the skirt did not seem checked, but horizontally striped (image No. 2).

The aprons were commonly woven from linen, or at least with a light colored background. Red and blue seem to be the commonest colors used overall (image No. 3).

The most common headgear in this region for girls is the karuna, made of a hoop of birchbark, and later, cardboard, with pattened ribbon sewn on the inside and outside, one or more rows of trianges sewn on to the top, of the same material or different, and often edged with tatting or crochet. Pattened woven ribbons were attached to the back (image No. 4).

 

Cultural heritage of Salka

Salka’s emboridery has it’s basics from Palots embroidery, in which was used two colours: red (main colour) and blue (additional colur). Women used cross stitch to make their handkerchief and cloth, later beside that they used full embroidery too with many colour. The patterns were flowers, for example cornflower, carnation, pansy. In the 70’s two animal pattern come in fashion: peacock and pigeon (made with cross stitch).

On linen they sewed with cross stitch, on lint with full embroidery and with more colour. Initials were sew on cloths and on the top of the skirts.

The first wall protection was made in the 50-60’s and included a picture and a few line from folk song.

 

Lithuania
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Hungary
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Italy
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Slovakia
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This project has been funded with support from the European Commission.This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

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